Category Archives: So you want to work at a museum?

Maintaining Personal Relationships as an Emerging Museum Professional

Emerging Op-Eds is a community series that shares opinions and tips from our NEMPN members. Have an idea or a topic you’d like to share? Submit your idea here.


Maintaining Personal Relationships as an Emerging Museum Professional
by Kayla Altland

9 states in 5 years. That is the total number of states my partner and I have lived over the past five years of our relationship. 3 of those states were together. After a full 3.5 years of a long distance relationship, sometimes not seeing each other for almost 5 months, we are finally able to live together. To say that pursuing a career in the museum field has been difficult on my relationships with him (also a museum professional), my family, and friends would be an understatement. However, there’s hope. Not in some magical formula, but in the human need for connection and that continual desire to be with others who care about you. That desire continues to draw people together across time and space.

I don’t have anything revolutionary to say about maintaining relationships when pursuing a career as a museum professional — in fact, hopefully some will be able to learn from my failures — but I hope to provide affirmation that it is OK. Wherever you are right now in your relationships with family, friends, a romantic partner, you get to decide if you’re happy with those relationships and how to continue to nurture and nourish them. Even when you have to work on the weekends, balance multiple jobs with continually changing hours, or move every 6 months to pursue seasonal positions, you get to decide how important those relationships are to you and take steps to prioritize people over your career.

I’ve met a host of wonderful people through my career (including my partner of 5 years) and have friends all over the country, but I have a tendency to put a lot of energy into my work, which doesn’t leave much for others. Some things that I have learned in the last 8 years of pursuing my museum career and continually have to work on are listed below.

Care for yourself first.

There have been times when I worked 60-70 hours a week, had to drive an hour to get to work, continually needed to switch my attention either between multiple jobs or projects so that at the end of the day, even if I just sat at a computer for most of it, I was exhausted. When I get home, I would barely have enough energy to cook dinner, let alone meet friends, call my parents, or take time to actually respond to text messages. I’ve learned that caring for myself and my own needs first helps me to have more energy and joy to bring when I give my life to others. Taking baths, going hiking, and reading help me to re-energize and decompress from work-related stress. Make a list of things that bring you joy and pursue those; invite your people to join you.

Be present.

We all know that checking email during off hours and responding to social media notifications for your work page are those minuscule time stealers that turn into major attention drains. My partner and I both have to work when we’re not at work sometimes, but we make it a habit each week to hike together. It’s an unspoken rule that we aren’t allowed to use our phones unless taking a picture. What are the little time stealers for you? Who is losing out on your presence and attention?

Be thankful.

I am eternally grateful to my family that despite missing Thanksgiving, Christmas, vacations, and almost everyone’s birthdays, they understand why I am so passionate about my work and the sacrifices I have had to make. Even when I don’t think it is necessary, I thank them. They don’t have to do anything extraordinary, but continue to love me and support me in my career. When was the last time you thanked someone just for continuing to be involved in your life?

Forgive yourself.

I have missed countless weddings, forgotten to return texts and phone calls, and spent many late nights working while my partner graciously waited to eat dinner until 9p or later. The best way to continue moving forward and having a positive outlook is to forgive yourself. Make a list of things you may feel guilty about regarding the important people in your life and put a big X through it, shred it, and start anew.

Learn to say no.

I will never forget the time I travelled 2 hours to NYC to visit my roommate from college. While I was there, one of my best friends from high school happened to be stopping over while visiting the U.S. from Spain. We spent about 2 hours together until I had to head back north to attend an event that was being held at my museum that night. I was asked to help and usually am more than happy to be there and serve the public. On this rare occasion, I hoped I had the courage to say no, that I was busy. The event ended up having low attendance and I didn’t really need to be there after all. It’s been 3 years since this happened and I haven’t been able to see my friends since then as she is still living in Spain. This is one of the things I have had to forgive myself for.

You do you.

I still have 2 jobs and commute at least 2 hours in a car each day, but have realized that making and sending cards is the nest way for me to stay in touch with people. Find what works for you and carve out time each week to reach out. I’ve made a goal of reaching out to one person each week in my life that I care about. With family and friends all over the globe, this is what is manageable and works for me. Figure out your rhythm, too.

Work life balance is important extremely important, yet not a new concept. However, it’s important to recognize that this goes both ways. You need to know and set your boundaries and our employers need to support and respect them. Offering fair wages, paid time off, and reasonable expectations for being available outside of regular work hours will help all of us to be present for those in our lives that matter the most. Lastly, the one bit of advice I have to say that might be deemed revolutionary is–your friends, romantic partners, and family deserve you (your energy, your presence, and your joy) more than your museum.


IMG_0411Kayla Altland has been working in museums and heritage organizations for over 5 years. Since October 2017, she has worked for the Delaware & Hudson Canal Historical Society in New York as Deputy Director for Administration. In this position, she has played a role in leading strategic planning, grant writing, as well as coordinatingmembership and communications, while working collaboratively with staff and Board members.Previously, she worked with the National Park Service for over 3 years in Interpretation and Education from Colorado to Kansas to New York. Youth development, community engagement, and partnerships have been key themes of her work in the cultural heritage field, maintaining the belief that museums are integral public spaces in a thriving community. Contact her at kma37@cornell.edu
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Adaptive Career Strategies for EMPs

Emerging Op-Eds is a community series that shares opinions and tips from our NEMPN members. Have an idea or a topic you’d like to share? Submit your idea here.


Adaptive Career Strategies for EMPs
by Aja Bain

Our field can be a tough one to flourish in: jobs can be scarce and demanding, and as costs of living rise and work/life balance suffers in many regions of the country, EMPs may find themselves scrambling to find full-time employment that fulfills both their career goals and their material needs. In this environment, it often pays to be flexible and creative with your career planning. Sometimes, by adjusting our expectations for where our careers will take us, we find where we are really meant to be.  Here are some thoughts about reconciling passions with goals, approaching the job search with an open and resourceful attitude, and reevaluating traditional museum roles and expectations that I hope can help other EMPs find obtainable and sustainable success in our field.

1. Be realistic and prepared for truths that may initially disappoint you.

There is a saying (riffing on an apocryphal Confucius quote) that goes: “Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life, because that field isn’t hiring.” We as public historians know this feeling well. Encouraged by well-meaning advisers and jobs that can require almost unbelievably specific expertise, many of us pursue our beloved niche interest only to be discouraged when the single available position for Early American black walnut spinning wheel conservators is filled by someone else. Even broader areas like education or collections work are often underpaid yet very competitive. Accept that your specialty or preferred type of museum work could be one that is either too rare or too popular, low paying, or confined to a certain geographic area, and use that knowledge. Be honest with yourself about your needs and understand what balance between job satisfaction and overall quality of life you can accept.

For me, I always thought I’d work in collections and got my Master’s degree with this goal, but those positions are very competitive and often poorly paid in my region. I realized that even if I were lucky enough to land one, the compensation would not allow me the life I wanted. So I had to think more broadly about who I was, what fulfilled me, and where I could find that satisfaction in a tough market. Which led me to:

2. Explore alternative skills (and let others help).

When I was interning in museums, people would often ask me to write and edit for them: exhibit panels, blog posts, newsletters, all kinds of things. And I happily did, because I have always loved writing and helping others convey their meanings with skill and grace. I also came to realize that many people dislike or are afraid of writing, even if their job requires it. So when I was rethinking my career as a collections person, I realized my alternative was staring me in the face. I could help share history through writing, and through helping those who do write to edit their work so it was clear, accessible, and effective.

Is there some task at your job that others are always asking for your assistance with? Is there something your colleagues say you are skilled at, even if it’s not in your job description? Co-workers and peers might have insight into strengths that you take for granted. Think about how you could incorporate this edge into your career, and how pursuing this skill could set you apart from other job candidates or help you craft a different kind of museum career than you initially envisioned.

3. Be open to career satisfaction from multiple sources.

If you choose a job that is stable and pays the bills but doesn’t further your career goals or fulfill you, think about ways to supplement your job satisfaction beyond your 9-5. What about volunteering at your historical society on weekends? Learning a historic trade or craft? Serving on the board of your local museum? Even working or interning part-time at a museum if that’s a possibility for you? Be creative about maintaining your connection to museums, even if you can’t make it your full-time job yet.

AASLH is a membership organization comprised of museums and sites, but we don’t usually get to do history work ourselves. I missed sharing my love of history with the public, so three years ago, I got a weekend job as a guide for historic downtown walking tours. For a few hours a week, I get to enjoy doing history in public without trying to subsist entirely on a tour guide’s income. It’s a balance that works well for me and my goals.

4. Accept that there are no straight paths.

In our field and others, finding your career is no longer just a matter of perusing classified ads or going straight from school into your dream job. Don’t get discouraged, and don’t be afraid to explore. Don’t worry about “wasting” time and effort, because every experience you have can be fertile ground for personal and professional growth and can teach you important skills for your future museum career.

When I started exploring public history as a career option, I made a point of asking everyone I met how they got to be where they were, what their major(s) had been, and what made them choose their current job. And I was almost always surprised by their responses! Hardly anyone had known at 18 or 20 or even 30 where they wanted to end up, and most admitted that what they were doing now (and enjoying) was not what they originally set out to do. But they convinced me to find value and comfort in the winding path, and to be open to re-evaluating what I wanted to do based on the things I learned during my career “detours.”

We all know our field, like many others, has serious issues when it comes to employment. These tips do not address the larger forces that contribute to underemployment, low wages, and inequity, but are offered with the intent of helping fellow EMPs cope with difficult situations by utilizing one of our most valuable tools: adaptability. By thinking creatively, acting resourcefully, and adjusting optimistically, I think we can help move our field forward to a future that values the diverse experiences and versatile perspectives that EMPs bring to the table.


 

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Aja Bain is the Program and Publications Manager for the American Association for State and Local History, where she serves as Associate Editor of History News and blog editor. She holds a Master’s in public history from Middle Tennessee State University and a B.A. in American history and anthropology from Vanderbilt University. Currently president of the Inter-Museum Council of Nashville, her research interests include Southern migration and the commodification of regional culture in globalized societies. Contact Aja by email at abain@aaslh.org or on Twitter @PointA__PointB.

 

Be a Museum Renaissance Person!

Emerging Op-Eds is a community series that shares opinions and tips from our NEMPN members. Have an idea or a topic you’d like to share? Submit your idea here.


Be a Museum Renaissance Person
By Tim Betz

In 1482, Leonardo da Vinci was applying for work. Specifically, he wanted to be employed as the court artist and engineer of the duke of Milan, Ludovico Sforza. Thus begins one of the most fascinating resumes in history. Leonardo lists all of the things he can do: build bridges, construct cannons, make chariots and guns, construct aqueducts, design beautiful buildings–the list goes on and on. The artist who painted the most famous painting in the world ends his resume with a humble “I can do in painting whatever may be done, as well as any other, be he who he may.” Leonardo is perhaps the most famous of the “Renaissance men,” people who became highly skilled at many subjects, bouncing between them with ease, with limitless curiosity. As museum professionals, we can learn a lot from him.

“Knowing is Not Enough”

Many of us in the world of museums are employed at smaller sites with small staffs and small budgets. In my case, I am the only full time staff member with a very part time museum assistant and a core group of very involved volunteers. This means that in addition to being the executive director,  I am also the advertising department, the social media manager, the programming coordinator, the volunteer coordinator, the office manager, the collections manager, the exhibit designer, the curator, a tour guide, a workshop leader, and the janitor. There is no part of any sort of academic training (or, frankly, reading blog posts and articles) that gives you the range of skills to be, at one minute, the executive director schmoozing in the community, the next a workshop leader teaching children how to make candles, and the next dealing with troublesome squirrels who love to eat your building. My view and professional philosophy is colored by the experience of working at smaller sites. However, I think that much of this Leonardo-based philosophy can be applied to larger organizations.

Many of us enter the museum profession with a degree in a specialty, be it art history, history, a science, non-profit management, or museum studies. We usually have read a lot of books and studied a lot of theory. We’ve gone to a lot of museums and quietly criticized other museums on how they display their labels and their poor choice of exhibit colors (admit it, we all do it). We talk to other museum professionals and become part of the current discourse and culture. None of that, no part of education or study, can prepare you for all that you encounter. From problem visitors, to unruly wild animals, to a broken toilet (and not much of a budget to fix it), to needing to build a thing to display a thing, and learning period crafts – there just simply are things they don’t teach you in museum school. Leonardo is quoted also as having said, “I have been impressed with the urgency of doing. Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Being willing is not enough; we must do.” Indeed, learning about museum theory, best practices, and reading is not enough: we must do. Most importantly, use that doing to grow, adapt, and change. We have to be tireless doers, and we need to be the sorts of doers that do things that aren’t listed in our job description (because, as I can attest, a job description that actually lists what you do as a museum professional would be 20 times longer than they normally are).

The Maestro in the Museum

Leonardo was an exceptionally curious mind who devoured the world around him. Many people know him as an exceptional artist, but the reality was he was a scientist (perhaps more scientist than artist), a philosopher, a mathematician, an anatomist…you name it, he tried it.  I’m not suggesting that museum professionals need to paint the next masterpiece, study anatomy, and design flying machines. I am suggesting, though, that our field requires a broad range of knowledge that they simply don’t teach in school and is way outside of what would be considered “traditional” scholarly discourse, or, really, in a lot of other fields. We must be masters of many fields. To be successful in the museum world we must be willing to try new things, to experiment (both organizationally and professionally), and, quite simply, be curious about the world around us.

Working in a museum is a unique experience. Regardless of the discipline, we are teaching the public about a wide variety of topics and ideas. This requires, at the very least, a passing knowledge of those topics and ideas, and the ability to talk about them in a variety of ways for all sorts of different folks. The reality, though, is that we end up with a wide assortment of arcane knowledge that makes us very fun at parties (Want to know all about 19th century peach production in New Jersey? I got you. Want to hear how many cows lived in late eighteenth century Lansdale, Pennsylvania? I have numbers for you. What about how an 1890 talc mill works from bottom to top? Sure!) But isn’t that is the sheer joy of being a museum professional? The knowledge, the digging, the teaching, the learning, and sharing that with people who visit us as our shared legacy and inheritance as people who live on this planet – a humbling reality of our profession that should never escape us.

Moreover, we need to be aware of all that is going on around us in our museum. Only working in development? You should have an idea of what the museum does, what the curators are up to, what exciting programs are going on. A curator? You should know what education is doing and what their job is like. Gift shop manager? You should know what exhibits are coming up, and the story of your place. Everyone should know how to change a lightbulb, where those light bulbs are stored, and where to take out the trash (oh, the less glamorous aspects of museum life!). Leonardo would have probably said that all of his explorations into all sorts of endeavours were connected and that they shouldn’t be parselled out. This is the same for museums. Yes, we can have departments, and yes, everyone has their job to do. But it is all towards the same goal. All parts of the same whole, and all cogs that work together to get something done.

We can’t be one person museums or working in a vacuum, and we can’t know everything. Rather, we should know where to go and who to ask for help, whether that is another expert, someone in another department, an older museum mentor, a volunteer who knows how to do something we don’t, an exterminator, a handyman. We should have no loss of pride in asking for help or admitting that we don’t know something. A 1490 to-do list written by Leonardo contains all sorts of items from drawing Milan to conducting science experiments. The most telling aspect, though, is that over half of the items on the list include a variation of the phrase “ask so-and-so how to do such-and-such.” Leonardo may have been a genius, but he knew where to go to get the answers.

Anyone who knows of Leonardo knows he had some glaring character flaws, like that he was easily distracted and seldom finished what he started, but we can learn from his mistakes. We can be inspired by his curiosity and drive, and, at the same time, apply those strategically to our professional life (while keeping checklists, making sure things get done, and achieving results). After all, “we must do!”

Killing it with Curiosity

The field of the museum professional is unlike any other. We must be researchers, tinkerers, problem solvers, scholars, people people, people pleasers, fundraisers, janitors, educators, and experts – and often all at the same time. We cannot and should not compartmentalize.

This Leonardo-based museum philosophy can be summed up with two words: joyful curiosity. Like Leonardo, we should delve and explore. Learn new things. Grow personally and professionally. We must question, learn, share, and question again. There is a reason we say museum interpretation and not museum presentation. Much of the public sees museums as places where the truth is presented with unquestionable authority. The reality is that museums should be a place for discussion and — above all — curiosity.

Curiosity is contagious. If we have it, we can share it with our colleagues and with the visitors who come through our doors. There is simply no greater service we can provide our constituents than a place to question, explore, and be joyfully curious. And it starts with us.


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Tim Betz is Executive Director of the Morgan Log House in Lansdale, PA. Previously, he has served as Assistant Director of the Red Mill Museum Village in Clinton, NJ. He received a Bachelor’s of Fine Arts Degree from Kutztown University of Pennsylvania, a Masters in Art History (Renaissance Italy) from the Pennsylvania State University and a second Masters in History (Colonial Latin America) from Lehigh University. He is also a temporary instructor of art history at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania. He lives in New Jersey with his wife, hound dog, and Maine Coon cat, and always has many assorted projects going on at once. You can contact him at timbetz3@gmail.com or follow along @TimBetz5 on Twitter.

Easy Access: Making Museum Education Accessible

Emerging Op-Eds is a community series that shares opinions and tips from our NEMPN members. Have an idea or a topic you’d like to share? Submit your idea here.


Easy Access: Making Museum Education Accessible
by Abigail Diaz

Where do I even start? That’s what I kept thinking when I considered the inaccessibility of our museum education programs. Accessibility is such a vast topic, and so important, that it can feel overwhelming. I didn’t want to get it wrong. I didn’t know where to begin. I didn’t know who to ask. I didn’t know what I didn’t know.

Over the course of a year, I led a transformation of our field trip programming at the Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago (MSI) alongside two other incredible educators. MSI’s mission is to “inspire the inventive genius in everyone.” While we had always been committed to quality science engagement for our students, we finally began putting an emphasis on everyone — including learners of all abilities.

Throughout the year, we learned important lessons about what it takes to create institution-wide change in a large museum. Here are 10 ways that you too can start (or continue!) making meaningful changes to your education programs to better engage all visitors.  

1. “Nothing for us without us.”

This powerful saying is used within the disabled community to show the absolute essentialness of including people with disabilities in your mission to create accessible spaces, programs and content. My role as an ally and advocate is to magnify the voices of marginalized groups, not speak for them. At every step, from planning to execution, include these voices. Make community connections by reaching out to local organizations. Your programs will be better for having their knowledge and life experiences. You’ll build partnerships with community groups that you wouldn’t have previously. You’ll create stakeholders in your mission and programs.

This is an essential step to creating inclusive programming, but it should be noted that people with disabilities do not owe your institution their life experiences or knowledge and especially not for free. Be clear on your budget up front. If you’re utilizing user experts, pay them as you would any consultant. If consultant pay isn’t an option, find a way to make this partnership symbiotic.

2. Make allies and find support

When we first began thinking more critically about access, we didn’t know where to begin. But we knew some great work was being done in Chicago. We reached out to groups and individuals on Facebook, we cold called and we emailed contacts around Chicago in order to audit what was offered in cultural institutions for people with disabilities. I created a standardized data collection form that we filled out at every stop on what we later called our Mission Accessible Road Trip. We visited 22 cultural and education institutions across the Chicagoland area and gained not only knowledge, but also connections with professionals working in education and access.

3. The long game

As we completed projects at MSI, we played the long game. We wouldn’t force anyone to take what we had made or implement ideas we had. But we made compelling cases, logically and financially. One in six Americans has a disability. They are an intersectional part of our community and to not serve them is morally outrageous and fiscally irresponsible. We were loud, convincing and persistent in our advocacy.

Slowly, the word spread. Different departments caught on to what we were doing and wanted to join us. Thus, Access MSI was born. This is now a branded program at MSI that catches all efforts in accessibility and inclusion. This did not happen overnight.

4. Ask better questions

When groups visited MSI on field trips, we used to ask the standard “Does your group need any accommodations on their visit?” We realized that we weren’t getting great data from that. Often, teachers wouldn’t share information. As the sister of and caregiver to a young man with disabilities, I know the very real fear of rejection that comes with bringing someone that does need accommodations to a museum. You’re afraid you’ll ask for too much and be told that this might not be the best place to visit. You’re confident that the museum could not provide more than you are already providing.

We started asking better questions. When you book a field trip at MSI now, you are required to read through a targeted list of offerings and questions about your group. Rather than asking an open-ended question, we created a checklist that includes what we do offer. Teachers can select: large print notebooks, Spanish notebooks, additional tactile opportunities, written transcripts or instructions, large pencils/pencil grips, auditory assistance, extra time for tasks and a sensory backpack. We then ask better questions about who is visiting us on this field trip. Teachers can select: my group includes students who might be sensory sensitive, who are deaf or hard-of-hearing, with vision loss, with intellectual disabilities, who are primarily proficient in a language other than English, who are non-verbal, who have low-mobility, who are non-readers, who need to use an elevator and who use a wheelchair.

By creating this list, we set boundaries on what we do and do not offer for accommodations. By asking better questions about who is coming, we are able to better plan our lesson and also hopefully make the teacher feel comfortable checking as many boxes as she needs do without fear of the rejection.

5. Universal design

Universal design means by creating spaces and offerings that are accessible to people with disabilities, they also become better for everyone. For example, large print is helpful for people with low vision. But isn’t it also better for younger visitors, older visitors and just about everyone in between? Yes! Whenever possible, make one thing that is better for everyone. It will save you time, effort and money.

6. Practical changes

We started by making low-cost, practical changes that were in the spirit of universal design. All notebooks we use with field trip groups became large print with high-contrasting colors. We added more spaces for sketching rather than lines for writing. We began offering pencil grips at tables for students that preferred them, often students that had a hard time with fine motor skills. We made sure to have written instructions rather than relying on just verbal directions. This helped students that might have hearing loss but also is just better for everyone. These are examples of changes that cost pennies but can make a huge difference for many different groups.

7. Sphere of influence

If you’re just beginning to think about access and inclusion, it can be overwhelming and feel as though it will never be enough or never be good enough. The fantastic Nina Simon once stressed in a webinar on inclusion that we must start with our own spheres of influence. What can I change tomorrow? What can I change next week? What can I do? Gradually your sphere will grow.

8. Access is more than disabilities

At MSI, we decided that accessibility was a holistic term that was going to mean much more than better serving people with disabilities. To make our programs more accessible, we started thinking about all groups that might not feel as though museums were for them. I made pronoun buttons for education staff. We translated notebooks we use on field trips into Spanish and came up with strategies for better sharing knowledge with English language learners. We started being more aware of how often we gendered language (Hey guys!) and held each other accountable for speaking with more intention. These changes were better for everyone.

9. Check your privilege

As a white, able-bodied, educated person working in museums, I understand that museums were made for me. I’ve never felt discomfort visiting a museum and I’ve never questioned whether I was welcome there. But part of cultural humility is understanding that not everyone has this privilege. There are systemic barriers in place that prevent full inclusion of people with disabilities in cultural institutions and it is your job to be an ally in breaking down those barriers.

10. It’s ok to be corrected

Yes, the stakes are high. You don’t want to offend anyone or make someone uncomfortable. But the overwhelming message that I have gotten is that it’s ok to get it wrong. What we think is best might not be best, and sometimes it’s only best for some people. For example, best practices say that we should use person-first language. My brother has autism, he is not an autistic boy. But some people identify as disability-first. If (when!) you are corrected, learn from it and do better. Stay humble and understand that you will mess up. Work in accessibility is not static; it’s always going to be a learning process.

It will take time to break down the systemic barriers that prevent all guests from visiting, engaging with and loving museums. We cannot ask people with disabilities to change. They are a vibrant, intersectional and essential part of our community. It must be museums that change.



Abbie G
Abigail Diaz signs her emails
museums are for everyone and works every day to make that a reality. She is the proud sister of a darling and daring boy with disabilities. Abbie has worked at 13 cultural institutions across four states. She is currently the Education Director at the Wisconsin Maritime Museum and on the Board of Directors of the Museum Education Roundtable. You can find her at @AbsLovesMuseums on Twitter. 

Emerging Op-Eds: How to Find an International Degree Program

Emerging Op-Eds is a community series that shares opinions and tips from our NEMPN members. Have an idea or a topic you’d like to share? Submit your idea here.


How to Find an International Degree Program
By Victoria Gonzalez

It’s no secret that the cost of higher education in the US is a nightmare and that the generation of millennials can be defined by overwhelming student loan debt. A perennial favorite of news outlets is to talk about the cost of education in other countries and how many American students are looking abroad for school. While they always share the success stories, they never tell you exactly how to find an international university for that degree. Eager to further my education and find out more, I went headfirst into the process and created a guide on how to find higher education programs abroad!

I blog about museums, so a future working with museums and cultural heritage was what I wanted. This guide contains my chronicles of the research process as well as helpful resources. I wrote it from my own point of view with my desire to get a Master’s degree, although this guide can easily be adapted when researching an undergraduate program as well. My location focus is on Europe. My research process began in March 2016 and ended exactly a year later around the time of application deadlines. 

1) Research organizations in your field that serve as a network for professionals.

The American Alliance for Museums has a directory of Museum Studies and Related Programs, and the National Council on Public History has their own list.

I used LinkedIn to search and message people that listed the organizations as an affiliation and noted where they went to school to check out those programs. I also made contacts with individuals through various groups, including one individual who became my mentor throughout the process. They directed me to other people, and I began interviewing them about their experiences to get a realistic picture of the field.

After speaking to roughly 15 professionals in varying areas, I felt adequately informed on what to expect after completing an MA.

2) Identify a region you can see yourself living and studying in.

I didn’t want to rule out US schools completely and wanted that data for comparison. I looked at states I could see myself living in and then went to each university’s website to search their departments. I made a spreadsheet with each school’s information, a direct contact, and cost. Additionally, I made a notebook to compare pros and cons for every program.

The listings were generous with US programs, but sparse with international options. I found a global listing on another museum website that gave me the first step in where to look abroad. The US was the easy part, so what followed took weeks of work.

3) Cross check all information and track every detail.

The biggest hurdle in finding a program taught abroad was finding one that was only in English. The problem with many international school listings is that they are never consistent, lack important details, and open up a whole world of new terms and scheduling. Even University websites can be vague about the language.

I used FindaMasters.comMastersPortal.com, and GradSchools.com to search for specific terms and made a list of schools. I even looked up the schools that attended international school recruitment events to see if they were relevant. It didn’t feel complete, so by using this amazing map tool, I manually went through every single country and looked up every single university to catch any I missed and confirm that each had what I wanted.

I discovered that “museum studies” was too vague and limiting of a term; many listings and schools used “cultural heritage”, “heritage studies”, or “heritage preservation.” I also learned of “memory studies” as a field. Expand word choices and if you see a phrase pop up often, write it down and use it in your searches.

4)  Narrow your list by reaching out to universities for practical information.

After dozens of university websites, I finally had a list. By now it was June.

I emailed department heads to ask for more information, hit up students on LinkedIn, and looked through Facebook groups of current students. I narrowed it down again and again, and then moved on to visiting the schools that were local to me in the US. I made appointments and talked to their department directors about the program itself and financial aid opportunities.

When my top US school would have cost triple the amount of an EU program, not including cost of living, the list became smaller. Many programs in the EU are for a year and were significantly more affordable.

Tuition for a Master’s from some my selected schools:
(not including living costs or fees)

2 years in the US: 
$59,680 (Mid Atlantic School)
$47,653 (Northeastern School)
$33,072 (State School)

1/1.5 year(s) in Europe:
$21,015 (United Kingdom)
$14,517 (Netherlands)
$8,783 (Denmark)

Unfortunately many US-based scholarships are not applicable to foreign schools, and the few grants and scholarships available from international schools are usually reserved for top GPA applicants.

The US Department of Education offers this FAQ with details about Federal Funding and a list of international schools that participate (opens as an Excel spreadsheet). You have to fill out a FAFSA and will need your school’s country code because it may not be in their system automatically.

5) Be aware of the university’s standing and relevancy.

It surprised me how often this came up, so I turned to one of the most common resources used by undergraduate students here in the states: US News & World Report issue the “Best College” guidebook. They also have an online Global University Ranking.

In the 2017 guide, their method looked at 1,262 institutions in 65 countries. They included schools based on “academic research and reputation overall” rather than “their separate undergraduate or graduate programs.” It also considered those that “had published the largest number of articles during the most recent five-year period (2010-2014)” (Read more here).

With this data, cross referenced with the rankings here and here, I was able to get a better idea about reputations. The verdict? In some cases, the schools I looked at abroad ranked higher or were comparable to the ones I was considering in the US.

6) Visit!

I thought long and hard, spending weeks to mull every detail over and looked up the cost of living. I researched potential fellowships, the weight of EU degrees in the US, and school accreditation. All of it was a blur and intimidating to make a decision based off websites. By now it was August.

Two of the schools were in the same country within 2 hours distance of the other and they were both having open houses in November. It was the off-season to travel and my local international airport had cheap airfare through Norwegian Airlines. I found myself on a red eye with only a backpack, arriving to the first open house with an hour to spare.

I am SO glad that I went in person to see these places, because I would have made the wrong choice based off my original list!

7) Different countries have different application processes. Renew your passport as you begin it.  

In the end I applied to three programs at only two international schools.

Make sure you have looked each school’s application website because some places require registration in advance. Don’t expect to upload all your docs on the day you are ready to hit submit. Renew your passport before you start the process. Things to prepare ahead of time: a letter of motivation, a certified copy of your diploma via mail (NOT digital!), a transcript, and other documents requested by the institution.

I notified the department heads of the programs to which I applied. I learned that, had I emailed sooner, I would have had my fee waived. They noted my visit as an international student, and I regret not following up.

Each school strictly required a bank transfer to pay your application fee — no credit cards or online payment — and my local banking branch was confused. In addition to the application fee:
1) The bank has a fee to send the money.
2) Some schools have a fee to receive the money.

You must have the exact amount needed and confirmed with the university, and have every detail of their routing numbers correct.

8) Prepare for relocation!

After this long, grueling process, I emerged with an acceptance to my top choice and began the process of working with my future university’s International Student office. It’s wise to purchase a printer with a scanner if you don’t have access to one because of the amount of paperwork that needs to be signed and scanned over on a regular basis. Save phone numbers for specific administrative offices and note the difference in time zones.

If you’re going through with a Federal Loan, the Financial Aid office will be in contact with a series of steps, and more documents, in order to secure it. You need that information completed in order to apply for a visa.

In the Netherlands, students must have health and liability insurance or else you get fined. My American policy (surprise) wasn’t accepted, so I signed up for one through the university.

When the above paperwork has been completed, you can then submit a visa application. By now you should have a renewed passport ready to go, and if you have a recent headshot, save a copy in case you have to upload it for a student ID card.

While all of this is going on, find viable housing either though the university or through outside channels. Join local Facebook groups, communicate with current students, or ask your department head for recommendations.

If you are from the US, this is also a good time to start learning the metric system and military time.


I am now 9 months into living as a graduate student in Amsterdam, and am so happy that I pursued an opportunity abroad for an education. I’ve been able to explore a dynamic program with an international focus that is enhancing the kind of career I wish to pursue, and I’m being exposed to a non-American focus that has changed how I think.

I hope that my experience helps you out with your future plans, and if you’ve got something you want to share or questions, I would love to chat!


 

Processed With DarkroomVictoria Gonzalez is a Colombian-American journalist turned museum professional from the NYC area. She is currently a graduate student at the University of Amsterdam pursuing a dual MA in Heritage and Memory Studies. She is also active with the Women’s Flat Track Derby Association (WFTDA) in growing the global sport of women’s roller derby. Find, follow, and engage her on Twitter @Victoriaously.

Emerging Op-Eds: Informational Interview Etiquette

Emerging Op-Eds is a community series that shares opinions and tips from our NEMPN members. Have an idea or a topic you’d like to share? Submit your idea here.


Informational Interview Etiquette:
7 Steps for Making the Most of the Meeting
by Elisha Mantegna

Perhaps you’re considering a career change, or you’re completing a degree or educational program and want to get a feel for the museum/non-profit field. In a variety of situations an informational interview is an essential tool that can provide you not only with career-shaping insights but with an increased network of resources on which to draw as you move forward. There are a number of key steps to getting and navigating an informational interview. This is not designed to be a complete guide as situations will vary, but hopefully it can provide a foundation to help you plan your next moves.

1. Initial Research
Setting up an informational interview will take a bit of research. A broad-to-narrow approach is most practical: Start by identifying the company that most interests you, then the department, then look at who in that department does the work most closely related to your background or future goals. There may be a public directory with contact information, but if there isn’t there may be a direct line you can call and specifically mention you are seeking an informational interview.

  • Don’t be vague: “I’m looking for someone in [Department]” may sound as though you are uncertain and unprepared. Instead, be as specific as possible: “I am interested in the work being done within [Institution]’s [Department], and I am hoping to set up an informational interview with someone there to speak more about this work. If you can’t provide that information over the phone I would be happy to leave my contact information.” 
  • Make sure you have a professional (or at least not unprofessional) e-mail and voicemail message. Many sites will allow you to create secondary accounts linked to your primary account. Sticking with initials or first and last names makes it easiest. The same goes for your phone’s answering message. Short, sweet, to the point, and a catch all message is best.

2. Identification and Affiliation
State your intentions early and clearly. If communicating in e-mail form, make the title “Informational Interview Request” or something similarly clear. Make sure you include in the message body your scholastic or professional affiliations or career interests. People in public institutions and non-profits get cold calls from the public frequently. My former professors used to joke about strangers making appointments only to ask about selling antiquities or getting appraisals of “rare” and “mysterious” objects (which were usually neither rare nor mysterious).

3. Dress Accordingly
You are not going to a job interview, but you are meeting with a professional. Avoid jeans and break out the iron. A nice shirt and blazer/jacket, a blouse or sweater, ironed slacks or skirts, etc. If you are a light traveler and aren’t carrying any kind of case or bag you should have a notebook in which to take down interesting points and a business card and resume copy. Do not enter in to the meeting with the intention of giving the resume to the individual, but if they ask about your background or say they know someone who may be interested in your work, be ready with the necessary materials at hand.

4. Secondary Research
Prep like an interview: check social media, read reviews, and think about the organization in larger contexts. Understand that this is an opportunity for you to learn but that you will need to direct the conversation. What is different about this person’s work? This department? This organization? What choices are they making and why? What does this person think is the most valuable skill for this work, the most important goal, or the industry trend? Ask personal questions as well – what has been most challenging for them, or rewarding, or surprising? You should have a list of multiple questions laid out and you can follow up as need be – but on the same hand don’t throw one hundred questions at your interviewee. A list of 4-8 key questions that vary in complexity and topic should be enough to give you a solid platform from which to approach the meeting.

5. BE PROMPT!
The adage “Early is on time, on time is late, and late is unacceptable” should be your mantra. You are meeting with someone who has taken time out of their work day to speak with you and to assist you in your own professional development. There is a camaraderie in the field and a willingness to cooperate and exchange, but you have no idea what this person’s day looks like. You may be fit between other meetings, met with over lunch, or given a large stretch of an open afternoon. Be early. If you arrive 5-10 minutes early, check in with building security and wait for your interviewee to meet you, or follow any given directions and aim to arrive at their office just prior to the meeting time. If you’re like me and your preparations leave you at the building with half an hour to spare, check in with security and let them know you are there for a meeting but would like to take a look around first as you are a bit early. This gives you the opportunity to familiarize yourself with the gallery or building and when you meet with your interviewee and they ask “have you been here before?” you can say “no, but I arrived early and had a look around at ____”. (If it’s an office building and you can’t go anywhere without an escort but have arrived early, I suggest re-reading notes, fine tuning your questions, or walking around the block so that you aren’t inconveniently early).

6. Follow Up
Thank-you cards or follow-up emails are a MUST! Buy a simple pack of blank thank-you cards. Take the blank cards with you with pre-stamped envelopes. Immediately after the interview or within 24 hours fill out the card. Make it personal. “Thank you so much for your time. I am so happy to hear your opinions on ___” or “Your experiences and perspective were greatly valued”. Acknowledge their impact. “I hope we can continue to correspond” or “I look forward to becoming a colleague of yours in the industry/field”. I am personally very British in my approach to messages and typically conclude with “Warmest Regards” or “Sincerest Thanks”. Mail that card as soon as possible so it arrives within 3-4 days. If you interact with someone remotely, ensure that you send a follow-up e-mail with thanks.

7. Moving Forward
These interviews should be set up to build relationships and to seek guidance, and ideally, they will be the start of larger networking efforts and not one-offs. Regular periodic check-ins are good ways to keep lines of communication open. Follow up on topics they mentioned, keep them updated on your progress (briefly!) and always be polite. If you come across an article or piece of news that you think would interest them based on your interactions then forward it along, and in response they will be much more likely to do the same in return. I have had internal contract openings forwarded to me, which have led to jobs or consulting work from individuals I met through informational interviews.

Understand that this is not an opportunity for you to get a job, nor is it a way of sneaking in around the job application process. This is about actively seeking guidance and making yourself known, but also learning about the industry directly in real-world settings. You should view yourself as an industry professional meeting with a potential colleague, and understand that you have valuable resources to contribute to these kinds of meetings. You are speaking with someone whom you likely admire or respect for their work – which you should express – but they are also human and were once starting out in the same fashion as you, so don’t let yourself feel diminished or vastly outranked. In the end it is a conversation, and they will likely be just as interested in your fresh perspective, particularly if your background or base of work is different from their own, as you are regarding their seasoned impressions.

Happy Interviewing!



2018 (2)
Elisha Mantegna is a museum education and conservation professional who has previously worked within institutions such as the Smithsonian and V&A. Her past research has examined the impacts of 3D scanning and digitization within museums, and she is currently a contractor within the Museum of the Bible Education Department in Washington, D.C. Contact Elisha at emmantegna@gmail.com. 

 

 

Emerging Op-Eds: Networking in a New City

Emerging Op-Eds is a community series that shares opinions and tips from our NEMPN members. Have an idea or a topic you’d like to share? Submit your idea here.


Networking in a New City
by Cassandra Cavness

Being an emerging professional often means moving for your first “real” job. Moving can be nerve-wracking and there are many factors to consider, including how to get connected to those in your field. Museum work, much like other fields, relies heavily on networking. Being able to establish yourself in your new city is crucial for becoming an integral part of the field.

Why is networking important?

Maya Angelou once said, “I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.” Networking is all about how you make people feel. Do they feel comfortable with your personality? Do they feel comfortable with your skill set and knowledge? Do they feel that they can trust your integrity and follow through? These questions often cannot be answered in one meeting but will be answered through a process of relationship building. Networking is important because it shows your ability to handle yourself and adapt to new and unfamiliar situations as you build relationships that could prove fruitful down the line.

Where to network?

Networking in your new city can seem like a daunting task, however, that’s where this blog comes in handy. Below are some great suggestions to get you started in any new city that you move to.

  • Facebook: This is a great place to start because there are plenty of Facebook groups geared toward emerging professionals.
    • NEMPN: We’re a ready-made network of people to talk to about museum related issues and theories.
    • Think local: There are often local emerging professional groups on Facebook that you can join so that you can network with professionals within your state or nearby city. These groups are great for finding out about local events and getting advice on how to handle museum issues within local parameters.
  • Networking Events: There are often local networking events that are not specifically geared toward museum professionals, but they are great opportunities. Use these events to understand how your profession fits into the fabric of the community.
  • Local Affiliation Groups: Although your town might not have local events that are directly related to your field, they will often have events geared toward similar interests. For example, if you work in an art museum, look for arts-related events in the community. These events might be hosted by your local college or non-profits, but regardless, it is a good idea to get to know those in your community that have interests similar to the mission of your museum.  
  • Local Boards: If you have more than one museum or a local art/history guild, you might have local boards that you can join. Try to become familiar with the type of educational opportunities there are for children in your city, because often times those non-profits will have boards that you can join.
  • Alumni Groups: Not every college will have nationwide alumni groups, but for those that do, take advantage of the opportunities that your local chapter gives you.

How to network:

Okay, so now you have moved, you’re all settled in and you’ve begun to find some different networking avenues. But now you’re thinking, “How do I actually network?” Although people tend to think of networking in terms of what it will get them, this isn’t the right approach. Below are 6 simple steps to networking that will get you your desired results in the long run but will also foster relationships in the immediate.

  1. Start to Network Immediately: I cannot stress this enough, do not wait until you have a need to know people in your community. This will make your effort to connect less genuine. Instead, start connecting the minute your foot touches down in your new city.
  2. Forget Your Personal Reasons: Don’t think of networking as a means to further your personal goals. People can tell when others are only there to better themselves and it is off-putting to say the least. Make this a mutual or reciprocal relationship by thinking of what you can do for others.
  3. Have a Plan/Know What You Can Offer: Treat networking like an advertisement of your skills. Don’t boast and brag but go in with the confidence of knowing what you bring to the table. During an event, try to talk to as many people as possible and get a feel for their needs. See how your skills can be an asset and offer to help.
  4. Be Friendly and Open: One of the most important parts of a networking opportunity is interacting with people. Be friendly and open to others’ ideas and suggestions, but also be open by contributing to the conversation with your knowledge and/or advice. Don’t underestimate your worth to a conversation.
  5. Think Collaboratively: Just like you don’t want to underestimate yourself in a conversation, don’t underestimate those around you. Although these people might not have the same educational background as you, that doesn’t mean that their ideas or suggestions don’t have merit. Look for ways that you could integrate what they are saying to fit your needs (whether they are personal, institutional, or academic) and how they could help you in a team-oriented way.
  6. Collect Contact Information: The most important part of networking is collecting the contact information from the people that you meet. What good does it do you to have a great conversation with someone and walk away not remembering who they were or not knowing how to contact them? Also, it is just as important for you to be able to give out your contact information as well.
    • Don’t forget to follow up and follow through! If you say you’re going to follow up with someone with an email or phonecall, do it promptly so that you are still in their mind and to reaffirm that new connection.

 

Remember…

Although these are just a few tips and tricks to networking in a new city, there are a variety of ways to engage in this important task. It is also good to remember that networking can happen anywhere at anytime if you are willing to be friendly and introduce yourself wherever you are. Take every opportunity to create relationships, because you might not get another chance.  Always keep business cards on you to hand out to people because you never know they will come in handy – a new and important relationship could be just around the corner!


nempn cavnessCassandra Cavness serves as Assistant Professor and Humanities Digital Archivist for Alabama State University and currently serves as the co-chair of the Alabama chapter of the National Emerging Professional Network. Her primary research focus is the interpretation of history through a visual lens and she has 4 years of practical experience in the fields of museum studies, public history, and cultural outreach. Previously, she has served as the manager of the Syracuse University Sue & Leon Genet Gallery and an archive and museum consultant for various nonprofit organizations.
Contact Cassandra by email: cassandra.cavness@gmail.com.

CANCELED: Ask an Expert LIVE! with John Luchin from Classic Interactions

NEMPN2017-Luchin_Ask

Join NEMPN for our next “Ask an Expert LIVE!” session on Tuesday August 22nd at 7pm EST.

This session we feature John
 Luchin, the Founder and Principal of Classic Interactions LLC, an interactive development studio based in Columbus, Ohio. Classic Interactions’ client work is focused on education applications for museums. In addition to his work with Classic Interactions, John was a federal employee for over a decade, serving as an exhibit designer and later the Chief of the Exhibits Division for the world’s oldest and largest military aviation museum.

Do you have questions about the intersection of museums, technology, and games? We want to answer them! Send your questions to nationalempnetwork@gmail.com!

Join us and watch the conversation on our National EMP Network YouTube channel.

Attention Potential Museum Studies Students, Current Students, and Recent (and not so recent) Grads!

NEMPN has partnered with Museum Masters Review in an effort to determine what Emerging Museum Professionals are truly seeking in their college/university experience. Your submissions are anonymous, so please be as candid as possible. This is the first step in what we hope will be a long overdue discussion on what Museum Studies programs provide and what students really need in their education to succeed. Any questions/concerns can be directed to NEMPN president Michelle Epps at president@nationalempnetwork.org.

Complete the survey here.

Ask an Expert LIVE! with Sarah Connors from The International Preservation Studies Center

Join NEMPN for our first ever “Ask an Expert LIVE!”

We will be speaking with Sarah Connors Assistant Director at the International Preservation Studies Center in Mount Carroll, Illinois. She holds an MA in Museum Studies from Western Illinois University and a BA in History from Wartburg College. Her career has provided her with experience in nearly every area in the museum field including, curatorial, exhibition, collections management, visitor services, marketing, and administration.

The International Preservation Studies Center has provided hands-on preservation training workshops to museum and library professionals, conservators, and historic preservationists since 1980. IPSC offers over 75 short courses taught by world-class instructors from around the world.

Special note: IPSC is dedicated to preparing the next generation of museum professionals which is why we offer 50% off all courses to undergraduate and graduate students!

Watch on our National EMP Network YouTube channel and send in your questions to nationalempnetwork@gmail.com https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpQwrySvN8yNBn9Tp5OgjkQ